Doctor of Sciences in Sociology, Ph.D. in Economics & Management, Master of Arts in Political Economy, author of 12 books and more than 400 articles – specially for the NEWSSKY.COM.UA Journal
On the 160 States and 40 Primary Political-Economic Regions of the World under My Global Ranking. Part III: The 40 Primary Global Political-Economic Regions Development in 2016
Dear Readers! In the second part of my international political economy series’ article 2016 rankings of 40 primary global political-economic regions on their population, developed by me Democracy Global Regional (DGRI), Economic Performance (EPI) and Political Economy Achievements (IPEA) Indexes have been presented.
Also distribution of the regions between four IPEA groups and two IPEA categories has been studied. By the way, in the second case it was just ideally equal – half and half.
DYNAMICS OF THE 40 PRIMARY GLOBAL REGIONS’ FOUR MAIN POLITICAL-ECONOMIC INDICATORS IN 2016
(The regions are ranked in accordance with their 2016 IPEA rating)
Population (% change)
|Democracy Global Regional Index (points change)|| |
Economic Performance Index (points change)
|Index of Political Economy Achievements (points change)|
|2. United States||+0.53||–.07||+.12||+.03|
|3. Central Europe – western part||+1.50||–.02||+.14||+.06|
|4. Developed Oceania||+1.56||0.00||+.15||+.08|
|6. British Isles||+0.90||+.06||+.17||+.11|
|7. Mainland Western Europe||+0.26||–.04||+.20||+.08|
|8. Developed East Asia||+0.36||–.01||+.27||+.13|
|9. Southwestern Europe||–0.16||+.01||+.22||+.12|
|10. Developed Eastern Mediterranean states||+0.44||–.08||+.10||+.01|
|11. Baltic states||–0.84||–.05||+.20||+.08|
|12. Central Europe – eastern part||–0.10||–.19||+.15||–.02|
|13. The FYRs – EU member states||–0.83||–.14||+.14||0.00|
|14. South America – southern part||+0.69||–.06||+.02||–.02|
|15. Southeastern Europe – EU member states||–0.66||–.08||+.21||+.07|
|16. Southern Africa||+1.72||–.14||0.00||–.07|
|19. Maritime Southeast Asia||+1.80||0.00||+.06||+.03|
|20. South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation countries||+1.04||+.06||+.04||+.05|
|22. South America – northern part||+1.23||–0.5||–.04||–.04|
|23. Balkan non-EU countries||–2.08||–.14||+.11||–.02|
|24. Central America||+3.78||–.06||+.02||–.02|
|25. Developing Oceania||+5.56||0.00||+.13||+.06|
|26. Arabian Peninsula||+2.50||–.06||+.10||+.02|
|27. Eastern Europe – non-EU countries||–0.26||–.01||+.03||+.01|
|28. West Indies||+1.37||+.01||–.18||–.09|
|29. Russian Federation||+0.17||–.07||–.13||–.10|
|30. Western Africa||+2.54||–.03||+.01||–.01|
|31. Mainland Southeast Asia||+0.44||–.09||+.05||–.02|
|32. Eastern Africa||+2.74||–.03||+.01||–.01|
|33. Developing East Asia||+5.03||–.14||+.05||–.05|
|33. Developing Levant||+3.92||+.03||+.04||+.03|
|35. South Asia – western part||+2.89||–.10||+.02||–.04|
|36. Northern Africa||+2.54||–.01||+.01||0.00|
|37. Eastern Transcaucasia||+0.14||–.09||–.07||–.08|
|39. Post-Soviet Central Asia||+2.14||–.05||+.01||–.02|
|40. Central Africa||+4.35||–.09||+.01||–.04|
Sources of the data for the DGRI, EPI and IPEA count: publications of the Economist Intelligence Unit (Democracy Index) and World Bank (population & GNI – or GDP – (PPP) per capita).
Before analyzing the data about the 40 primary global political-economic regions’ development in 2016 (please see Table 4), I have to remind my concept of Global Europe, or the European World. According to it, this “World” embraces 43 sovereign states, in territorial sense wholly belonging to “physical-geographic” Europe, and also 7 countries of other continents, namely: Canada, the United States, Australia, New Zealand, Israel, Cyprus and Georgia. In four mentioned countries of the “New World” societies and statehood have developed in a successively or consistently European way for ages. Three states of physical-geographic Asia obviously orient themselves onto resulting European social values of liberty, democracy and humanism. These values remain of crucial importance for societal discourse in all the countries of physical-geographic Europe and define outstanding progressive role of the European World in global social development.
The regions of Global Europe as an international community has been, is and will remain in the nearest future of dominating role at the vanguard of global political-economic progress. These regions take the vast majority – 13 from 15 leading positions – in my 2016 primary regions’ IPEA rating. Only places # 8 and # 14 belong to Asia (its highly developed eastern part) and South America (its relatively high developed southern part) correspondingly. It is useful to remind this part of the IPEA ranking, specifying the regions composition (countries in alphabetical order) and index values:
1) Scandinavia (Denmark; Finland; Iceland; Norway; Sweden) – 7.27;
2) the United States (a country-region) – 6.93;
3) Central Europe – the western part (Austria; Germany; Switzerland) – 6.88;
4) developed Oceania (Australia; New Zealand) – 6.76;
5) Canada (a country-region) – 6.75;
6) the British Isles (Ireland; the United Kingdom) – 6.36;
7) mainland Western Europe (Belgium; France; Luxembourg; Netherlands) – 6.25;
8) developed East Asia (Japan; the Republic of Korea; the Taiwan Province of China) – 6.06;
9) Southwestern Europe (Italy; Malta; Portugal; Spain) – 5.90;
10) the developed Eastern Mediterranean states (Cyprus – area controlled by the government of Cyprus; Greece; Israel) – 5.33;
11) the Baltic states (Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania) – 5.15;
12) Central Europe – the eastern part (the Czech Republic; Hungary; Poland; Slovakia) – 4.91;
13) the FYRs – EU member states (Croatia; Slovenia) – 4.80;
14) South America – the southern part (Argentina; Chile; Paraguay; Uruguay) – 4.56;
15) Southeastern Europe – the EU member states (Bulgaria; Romania) – 4.47.
As we see, the listed part of 2016 IPEA ranking embraces the group of primary regions with the highest level of political economy achievements and the upper half of the group of primary regions with high level of political economy achievements. Also Europe in proper, narrow sense and Global Europe are present in the third group of primary regions with satisfactory level of political economy achievements, in its upper half and almost at the end of lower half. Let us continue the rating list:
…23) the Balkan non-EU countries (Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Macedonia, the FYR; Montenegro; Serbia) – 3.61;
…27) Eastern Europe – the non-EU countries (Belarus; Georgia, excluding Abkhazia and South Ossetia; Moldova – the Republic of, excluding Transnistria; Ukraine, including the temporary occupied by Russia territories of the Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts (administrative regions of Ukraine) and the Crimean Peninsula with the city of Sevastopol that has special status under the Constitution of Ukraine) – 3.19.
In 2016, i.e. at the beginning of the second part of 2010s, substantial political-economic (reflected with the IPEA) growth was “monopolized” by primary global regions of the highest group. Within the framework of this group it was the most significant in the developed East Asia community (+.13), Southwestern Europe (+.12) and the British Isles region (+.11). Also, because of rather solid development bases, it can be treated as very substantial for Scandinavia (+.09), developed Oceania (+.08), mainland Western Europe (+.08) and the western part of Central Europe (+.06). Even the United States’ (+.03) and Canada’s (+.01) 2016 IPEA growth should not be evaluated as “too modest” taking into account their previous achievements.
On the contrary, in more numerous group of primary regions with high level of political economy achievements (11) only the Baltic states (+.08) and the EU member states of Southeastern Europe (+.07) communities results are worth of mentioning. And under the whole category of primary regions with relatively low level of political economy achievements (20), taking into account the 2015 basis, the only country-region – Turkey – demonstrated really convincing growth (+.20) in 2016; this state with 3.73 points became the leader of the primary regions with satisfactory level of political economy achievements group. That year Turkey jumped over three steps upward.
The only primary global region, which demonstrated obviously substantial downward IPEA dynamics in 2016, was the Russian Federation (–.10). Its traditional problems with democracy (–.07 DI or DGRI points) were aggravated with dramatic EPI decline (–.13 points!). As for the closest West Indies IPEA case (–.09), in fact it is a matter of Cuba’s latent economic processes with its crisis deepening for many years.
The complete version of my material titled “On the 40 Primary Political-Economic Regions of the World and Global Europe Concepts & Conceptions” will be submitted at the “Ukraine” University Zhytomyr International Conference on March 19, 2018.